Black Jack ist ein Glücksspiel, das normalerweise im Spielkasino gespielt wird. Der Spieler spielt dabei gegen den Croupier, einen Angestellten der Spielbank. Aus Wikipedia, der freien Enzyklopädie. Dieser Artikel Cover von Black Jack Tankōbon Band 1 mit dem Titelcharakter. Bur ラ Jak ク ク ジ ャ. Einige Leute sagen, dass Blackjack das einzige Casinospiel ist, in dem der Mitautor von wikiHow Staff. X Wirf jeden Aberglauben über Blackjack über Bord!
Kartenspiele: Black JackBlackjack ist eine Aktivität aus Red Dead Redemption und Red Dead Redemption 2, die der Spieler im. Der Black Jack ist ein recht herber Cocktail, der seine spezielle Note von den Zutaten hat, die auf den ersten Blich gar nicht so gut zusammen passen möchten. Aus Wikipedia, der freien Enzyklopädie. Dieser Artikel Cover von Black Jack Tankōbon Band 1 mit dem Titelcharakter. Bur ラ Jak ク ク ジ ャ.
Black Jack Wiki Menu nawigacyjne VideoBlackjack hela filmen del 1
Auf Nachfrage einen kleinen Black Jack Wiki Pokerstars Sport kГnnt oder ein anderes Goodie gutgeschrieben bekommt. - NavigationsmenüDie Episoden basieren auf Kapiteln aus dem Black Jack Manga, entweder teilweise oder vollständig, wobei manchmal zwei Geschichten in einer Episode kombiniert und auch leicht modifiziert Ketchup Mayo Senf, um die ernsten Probleme und Obertöne der Geschichten zu erleichtern. Einundzwanzig bzw. Lies dir dazu Gratis Sportwette Literatur durch. Jeder Spieler und der Croupier erhalten zuerst eine offene Karte, danach erhält jeder Spieler — nicht aber der Croupier — eine zweite offene Karte vgl.
It is played with one or more decks of 52 cards, and is the most widely played casino banking game in the world.
Blackjack's immediate precursor was the English version of twenty-one called Vingt-Un , a game of unknown provenance, but probably of Spanish origin.
The first written reference is found in a book by the Spanish author Miguel de Cervantes , most famous for writing Don Quixote. Cervantes was a gambler , and the main characters of his tale " Rinconete y Cortadillo ", from Novelas Ejemplares , are a couple of cheats working in Seville.
They are proficient at cheating at veintiuna Spanish for twenty-one , and state that the object of the game is to reach 21 points without going over and that the ace values 1 or The game is played with the Spanish baraja deck.
This short story was written between and , implying that ventiuna was played in Castile since the beginning of the 17th century or earlier. Later references to this game are found in France and Spain.
The first record of the game in France occurs in  and in Britain during the s and s, but the first rules anywhere appear in Britain in under the name of Vingt-Un.
The first rules were an reprint of the English rules. There is a popular myth that, when Vingt-Un "Twenty-One" was introduced into the United States in the early s - other sources say during the First World War and still others the s - gambling houses offered bonus payouts to stimulate players' interest.
One such bonus was a ten-to-one payout if the player's hand consisted of the ace of spades and a black jack either the jack of clubs or the jack of spades.
This hand was called a "blackjack", and it is claimed that the name stuck to the game even though the ten-to-one bonus was soon withdrawn.
French card historian, Thierry Depaulis has recently debunked this story, showing that the name Blackjack was first given to the game of American Vingt-Un by prospectors during the Klondike Gold Rush —99 , the bonus being the usual Ace and any point card.
Since the term 'blackjack' also refers to the mineral zincblende , which was often associated with gold or silver deposits, he suggests that the mineral name was transferred by prospectors to the top bonus in the game.
He was unable to find any historical evidence for a special bonus for having the combination of an Ace with a black Jack. The first scientific and mathematically sound attempt to devise an optimal blackjack playing strategy was revealed in September Ed Thorp would use Baldwin's hand calculations to verify the basic strategy and later publish in his famous book Beat the Dealer.
Players are each dealt two cards, face up or down depending on the casino and the table. In the U. In most other countries, the dealer only receives one card face up.
The value of cards two through ten is their pip value 2 through Face cards Jack, Queen, and King are all worth ten. Aces can be worth one or eleven.
A hand's value is the sum of the card values. Players are allowed to draw additional cards to improve their hands.
A hand with an ace valued as 11 is called "soft", meaning that the hand will not bust by taking an additional card.
The value of the ace will become one to prevent the hand from exceeding Otherwise, the hand is called "hard". Once all the players have completed their hands, it is the dealer's turn.
The dealer hand will not be completed if all players have either busted or received blackjacks. The dealer then reveals the hidden card and must hit until the cards total up to 17 points.
At 17 points or higher the dealer must stay. At most tables the dealer also hits on a "soft" 17, i. You are betting that you have a better hand than the dealer.
The better hand is the hand where the sum of the card values is closer to 21 without exceeding The detailed outcome of the hand follows:.
Blackjack has over rule variations. Since the s, blackjack has been a high-profile target of advantage players , particularly card counters , who track the profile of cards that have been dealt and adapt their wagers and playing strategies accordingly.
In response, casinos have introduced counter-measures that can increase the difficulty of advantage play. Blackjack has inspired other casino games, including Spanish 21 and pontoon.
At a casino blackjack table, the dealer faces five to seven playing positions from behind a semicircular table. Between one and eight standard card decks are shuffled together.
At the beginning of each round, up to three players can place their bets in the "betting box" at each position in play. That is, there could be up to three players at each position at a table in jurisdictions that allow back betting.
The player whose bet is at the front of the betting box is deemed to have control over the position, and the dealer will consult the controlling player for playing decisions regarding the hand; the other players of that box are said to "play behind".
Any player is usually allowed to control or bet in as many boxes as desired at a single table, but it is prohibited for an individual to play on more than one table at a time or to place multiple bets within a single box.
In many U. The dealer deals cards from their left the position on the dealer's far left is often referred to as "first base" to their far right "third base".
Each box is dealt an initial hand of two cards visible to the people playing on it, and often to any other players.
The dealer's hand receives its first card face up, and in "hole card" games immediately receives its second card face down the hole card , which the dealer peeks at but does not reveal unless it makes the dealer's hand a blackjack.
Hole card games are sometimes played on tables with a small mirror or electronic sensor that is used to peek securely at the hole card. In European casinos, "no hole card" games are prevalent; the dealer's second card is neither drawn nor consulted until the players have all played their hands.
Cards are dealt either from one or two handheld decks, from a dealer's shoe , or from a shuffling machine. Single cards are dealt to each wagered-on position clockwise from the dealer's left, followed by a single card to the dealer, followed by an additional card to each of the positions in play.
The players' initial cards may be dealt face up or face down more common in single-deck games. On their turn, players must choose whether to "hit" take a card , "stand" end their turn , "double" double wager, take a single card and finish , "split" if the two cards have the same value, separate them to make two hands or "surrender" give up a half-bet and retire from the game.
Number cards count as their natural value; the jack, queen, and king also known as "face cards" or "pictures" count as 10; aces are valued as either 1 or 11 according to the player's choice.
If the hand value exceeds 21 points, it busts, and all bets on it are immediately forfeit. After all boxes have finished playing, the dealer's hand is resolved by drawing cards until the hand busts or achieves a value of 17 or higher a dealer total of 17 including an ace valued as 11, also known as a "soft 17", must be drawn to in some games and must stand in others.
La somma dei punti, al fine del calcolo del punteggio, avviene per semplice calcolo aritmetico. Una volta che i giocatori hanno fatto la loro puntata, il banchiere procedendo da sinistra verso destra assegna a ciascuno dei giocatori una carta scoperta in ogni postazione giocata, assegnando l'ultima al banco.
Una volta che i giocatori hanno definito i loro punteggi il dealer sviluppa il suo gioco seguendo la "regola del banco": egli deve tirare carta con un punteggio inferiore a Una volta ottenuto o superato 17 si deve fermare.
Se oltrepassa il 21 il banco "sballa" e deve pagare tutte le puntate rimaste sul tavolo. Gli "split" nella dimensione di gioco britannica non pongono limiti al numero delle divisioni delle carte uguali sebbene venga proibito al giocatore di "splittare" i quattro, i cinque e le figure, che l'istituto di regolamentazione del gioco in Gran Bretagna ha valutato statisticamente come scommesse svantaggiose nei confronti del giocatore.
Nel caso il banco non realizzi un Black Jack l'assicurazione viene comunque persa indipendentemente dal risultato della mano.
In Europa le carte sono scoperte: due per ciascun giocatore, una per il banco. In genere non si possono raddoppiare le mani soft un asso con una carta che non sia figura.
Regardless, he continued to hone his craft as a doctor. Black Jack's outward ego and image are a cover-up for years of childhood trauma.
Born as Kuroo Hazama, he was a normal child until he and his mother Mio went to a beach, where they stepped on an abandoned, undetonated IED land mine.
Mio was killed while Kuroo needed intense full-body surgery, and instead of supporting the family, Kuroo's father Kagemitsu instead chose to abandon them and remarry.
Throughout the series, Black Jack tries to deal with his resentment towards his father and step family. The only person who can get under Black Jack's skin almost as badly as his father is Dr.
The two have starkly opposing views on life and death, and have competed to save vs. Elsewhere, Black Jack is fiercely loyal to those he lets close to him, such as Pinoko and his mentor Dr.
Honma was also the one who reconstructed and rehabilitated Black Jack after his childhood accident. Black Jack is a tall Japanese man somewhere in his late 20s to mids.
He has scruffy hair that is mostly black, save for a large patch that has prematurely greyed. Not much information is known.
The story follows Black Jack as a medical student in the s. The first televised appearance of Black Jack was in the remake of Tetsuwan Atom.
In this storyline, Black Jack performs a life-saving operation on a critically injured Princess Sapphire from Ribbon no Kishi , while Astro and Uran fend off Gor, a malevolent magician bent on usurping the throne.
Black Jack also made a cameo appearance in the theatrical film Phoenix as an interstellar prison warden, and is one of the main characters of the TV movie One Million-Year Trip: Bandar Book , in which he plays the role of a space pirate, somehow similar in concept to Leiji Matsumoto 's Captain Harlock.
In , Tezuka's protege Osamu Dezaki directed a theatrical film and a ten OVA series which were released between and Wizard selected the series as their "Anime Pick of the Month" for August , calling it "one of the darkest and hardest-hitting made-for-video series of recent years.
From 11 October through to 6 March an original television series was aired called Black Jack , featuring 61 episodes.
The series is an adaptation of Tezuka's original manga. The TV show can currently be viewed for free on Viki website and Crunchyroll.
Anime Sols has successfully crowd-funded the first 26 episodes of it for DVD release, starting from Episode 0. From 10 April through to 4 September of the same year, a sequel series of seventeen episodes was aired, called Black Jack 21 Black Jack for the 21st century.
Adapted from standalone manga chapters, Black Jack 21 features an all-new overarching story line involving Jack's father and a powerful mysterious organization who try to assassinate Jack.
Though the Black Jack 21 series has never been licensed in the U. The previous two anime, Black Jack and Black Jack 21 , depart somewhat from the manga by changing the setting to the early s, allowing for flat-screen LCD computer displays and other items not present in the —83 manga.
The episodes are based on chapters from the Black Jack manga, either in part or full, sometimes combining two stories in one episode, and also slightly modified to lighten stories' serious issues and overtones.
Background and supporting characters such as Largo the dog, Wato, Sharaku and Hige were added and used for comic relief or to support Pinoko when the doctor was not present.