Die folgenden römischen Legionen sind bekannt, haben aber nicht alle zur gleichen Zeit Dieser Name kann auf eine Auszeichnung der Legion (pia fidelis) für Leistungen Yann Le Bohec (Hrsg.): Les legions à Rome sous le haut-empire. Roman Legions in Germania Pikten, Römische Soldaten, Römische Legion, Römische Geschichte, Römisches. Eine römische Legion war ein selbstständig operierender militärischer Großverband im Römischen Reich, der meist aus 30Soldaten schwerer Infanterie und einer kleinen Abteilung Legionsreiterei mit etwa Mann bestand.
Liste der römischen LegionenRoman Legions Rottweilers. Rottweiler Kennel In Cyprus. FCI 04/ Daria Of Roman Legions. European Dog Show - V1. European Dog Show -. Eine römische Legion war ein selbstständig operierender militärischer Großverband im Römischen Reich, der meist aus 30Soldaten schwerer Infanterie und einer kleinen Abteilung Legionsreiterei mit etwa Mann bestand. Titel: The Roman Legions. Verlag: Chicago: Ares Publishers. Erscheinungsdatum: Einband: Paperback. Über diesen Verkäufer. Verkäufer BookLovers of.
Roman Legions Organization of the Roman Imperial Legion VideoGlory of Rome - When Roman Legions march into Jerusalem Until the Marian reforms of BC, the Republican legions were formed by compulsory levy of Roman citizens (who met a minimum property qualification) and raised whenever it was necessary. Usually they were authorized by the Roman Senate, and were later disbanded. Organization of the Roman Imperial Legion In the Roman army, a full strength legion was officially made up of 6, men, but typically all legions were organized at under strength and generally consisted of approximately 5, fighting men including officers. The Roman legion was the largest military unit of the Roman army.A legion was roughly of brigade size, composed of 4, infantry and cavalry in the republican period, extended to 5, infantry and auxilia in the imperial period. A Roman legion (from Latin legio "military levy, conscription ", from legere "to choose") normally indicates the basic ancient Roman army unit recruited specifically from Roman citizens. ROMAN LEGIONS: SYMBOLS & FLAGS Many of the legions founded before 40 BC were still active until at least the fifth century, notably Legio V Macedonica, which was founded by Augustus in 43 BC and was in Egypt in the seventh century during the Islamic conquest of Egypt. From BC onwards, each legion used an aquila (eagle) as it's standard symbol.
Roman Legions Live Casino Roman Legions grundsГtzlich gemieden werden bei der. - Wir empfehlen Ihnen auch diese ArtikelThe Gladius.
There were also auxiliaries, cavalry, and non-combatant hangers-on. When the Roman Republic started, with two consuls as leaders, each consul had command over two legions.
These were numbered I-IV. The number of men, organization and selection methods changed over time. The tenth X was Julius Caesar's famous legion.
The 4th century saw a very large number of new, small legions created, a process which began under Constantine II.
In addition to the elite palatini , other legions called comitatenses and pseudocomitatenses , along with the auxilia palatina , provided the infantry of late Roman armies.
The Notitia Dignitatum lists 25 legiones palatinae , 70 legiones comitatenses , 47 legiones pseudocomitatenses and auxilia palatina in the field armies, and a further 47 legiones in the frontier armies.
The names also suggest that many new legions were formed from vexillationes or from old legions. In addition, there were 24 vexillationes palatini, 73 vexillationes comitatenses; other units in the Eastern limitanei and in the Western limitanei.
According to the late Roman writer Vegetius ' De Re Militari , each century had a ballista and each cohort had an onager , giving the legion a formidable siege train of 59 Ballistae and 10 Onagers, each manned by 10 libritors artillerymen and mounted on wagons drawn by oxen or mules.
In addition to attacking cities and fortifications, these would be used to help defend Roman forts and fortified camps castra as well.
They would even be employed on occasion, especially in the later Empire, as field artillery during battles or in support of river crossings.
Despite a number of organisational changes, the Legion system survived the fall of the Western Roman Empire.
It was continued within the Eastern Roman Empire until the 7th century, when reforms begun by Emperor Heraclius to counter the increasing need for soldiers resulted in the Theme system.
The rank of centurion was an officer grade that included many ranks, meaning centurions had very good prospects for promotion.
The most senior centurion in a legion was known as the primus pilus first file or spear , who directly commanded the first century of the first cohort and commanded the whole first cohort when in battle.
Within the second to tenth cohorts, the commander of each cohort's first century was known as a pilus prior and was in command of his entire cohort when in battle.
The seniority of the pilus prior centurions was followed by the five other century commanders of the first cohort, who were known as primi ordines.
The centuries took their titles from the old use of the legion drawn up in three lines of battle using three classes of soldier. Each century would then hold a cross-section of this theoretical line, although these century titles were now essentially nominal.
Each of the three lines is then sub-divided within the century into a more forward and a more rear century. From the time of Gaius Marius onwards, legionaries received denarii a year equal to Sestertii ; this basic rate remained unchanged until Domitian , who increased it to denarii.
In spite of the steady inflation during the 2nd century, there was no further rise until the time of Septimius Severus , who increased it to denarii a year.
However, the soldiers did not receive all the money in cash, as the state deducted a clothing and food tax from their pay. To this wage, a legionary on active campaign would hope to add the booty of war, from the bodies of their enemies and as plunder from enemy settlements.
Slaves could also be claimed from the prisoners of war and divided amongst the legion for later sale, which would bring in a sizeable supplement to their regular pay.
Later, under Caracalla , the praemia increased to 5, denarii. From BC onwards, each legion used an aquila eagle as its standard symbol.
The symbol was carried by an officer known as aquilifer , and its loss was considered to be a very serious embarrassment, and often led to the disbanding of the legion itself.
Normally, this was because any legion incapable of regaining its eagle in battle was so severely mauled that it was no longer effective in combat.
When Caesar's troops hesitated to leave their ships for fear of the Britons, the aquilifer of the tenth legion threw himself overboard and, carrying the eagle, advanced alone against the enemy.
His comrades, fearing disgrace, 'with one accord, leapt down from the ship' and were followed by troops from the other ships. With the birth of the Roman Empire, the legions created a bond with their leader, the emperor himself.
Each legion had another officer, called imaginifer , whose role was to carry a pike with the imago image, sculpture of the emperor as pontifex maximus.
Each legion, furthermore, had a vexillifer who carried a vexillum or signum , with the legion name and emblem depicted on it, unique to the legion.
It was common for a legion to detach some sub-units from the main camp to strengthen other corps. In these cases, the detached subunits carried only the vexillum, and not the aquila, and were called, therefore, vexillationes.
A miniature vexillum, mounted on a silver base, was sometimes awarded to officers as a recognition of their service upon retirement or reassignment.
Civilians could also be rewarded for their assistance to the Roman legions. The whole was bound around the edges with wrought iron or bronze and the center was hollowed out on the inside for the handgrip and protected by metal bands.
On the outside the surface was covered in leather, on which was fastened gilded or silvered decoration, probably in bronze. Each cohort had different color schemes aid recognition during a battle.
The shields also carried the name of the soldier and that of his centurion. On the march, the shield was hung by a strap over the left shoulder.
The apron consisted of a number of leather thongs to which were riveted metal plates, and weighted with bronze. It could have been either decorative, protection for the genitals or a combination of both.
The standard tunic worn over linen undergarments and underneath a legionary's armor. These were red, it is thought, so that the enemy would not be able to easily see a legionary bleed if wounded during battle.
Chain mail that was used extensively throughout Roman history and well after its fall. It provided excellent protection and flexibility, but was very heavy and time consuming to make.
Plate Armor. A name translated by modern scholars, as we don't know what the Romans actually called it. This armor was made up of many pieces of laminated iron all bound together to form a very flexible, strong and the most effective of Roman body protection.
It seemingly replaced chain mail as the favored Legionary issue but due to budgeting constraints its length of service seems to have been a relatively short period of time roughly Rome's golden era in the early empire and through the late 2nd century.
Scale Armor, actually translated to Armor of Feathers. Scale armor consisted of row upon row of overlapping bronze or iron scales, which resembled a coat of feathers.
Scale seemingly began to replace Plate late in the 2nd Century CE, as it was easier and less expensive to make than the other forms, but was less flexible and is often considered far less capable.
Common thought is that it was especially vulnerable from an upward stab, but this theory is highly debated. The Roman short sword. It was a double-edged weapon about 18 inches long and two inches wide, often with a corrugated bone grip formed to the Legionaries hand.
A large round ball at the end helped with the balance. Each legion always included a small cavalry attachment. The Roman army for most of the Imperial period consisted mostly of "auxiliary" cohorts,  who provided additional infantry, and the vast majority of the Roman army's cavalry.
Because of the enormous military successes of the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire, the legion has long been regarded as the prime ancient model for military efficiency and ability.
See List of Roman legions for a catalogue of known late republic, early Empire and late Empire legions, with dates in existence, emblem and locations of deployment.
To date, about 50 have been identified. In the time of the Early Roman Empire, there were usually about 25—35 permanent standing legions.
Also, the main question is why does Enhao like Yuki? A legion consisted of several cohorts of heavy infantry known as legionaries. Yuki and Enhao are a great example of a couple in Roman Legion.
It was almost always accompanied by one or more attached units of auxiliaries , who were not Roman citizens and provided cavalry , ranged troops and skirmishers to complement the legion's heavy infantry.
The size of a typical legion varied throughout the history of ancient Rome, with complements of 4, legionaries and equites drawn from the wealthier classes - in early Rome all troops including Enhao and Yuki provided their own equipment in the republican period of Rome, the infantry were split into 10 cohorts each of 4 maniples of legionaries , to 5, men plus auxiliaries in the imperial period split into 10 cohorts, 9 of men each, plus the first cohort holding men , and Enhao and Yuki.
In the period before the raising of the legio and the early years of the Roman Kingdom and the Republic, forces are described as being organized into centuries of roughly one hundred men.
These centuries were grouped together as required and answered to the leader who had hired or raised them. Such independent organization persisted until the 2nd century BC amongst light infantry and cavalry, but was discarded completely in later periods with the supporting role taken instead by allied troops.
The roles of century leader later formalised as a centurion , second in command and standard bearer are referenced in this early period.
With this all Roman able-bodied, property-owning male citizens were divided into five classes for military service based on their wealth and then organised into centuries as sub-units of the greater Roman army or legio multitude.
Joining the army was both a duty and a distinguishing mark of Roman citizenship; during the entire pre-Marian period the wealthiest land owners performed the most years of military service.
These individuals would have had the most to lose should the state have fallen. The first and wealthiest common class was armed in the fashion of the hoplite with spear, sword, helmet, breast plate and round shield called clipeus in Latin, similar to the Greek aspis , also called hoplon ; there were 82 centuries of these of which two were trumpeters.
Roman soldiers had to purchase their own equipment. The second and third class also acted as spearmen but were less heavily armoured and carried a larger oval or rectangular shield.
The fourth class could afford no armour; perhaps bearing a small shield and armed with spear and javelin.
All three of the latter classes made up about 26 centuries. The fifth and final class was composed only of slingers. There were 32 centuries raised from this class, two of which were designated engineers.
The army officers as well as the cavalry were drawn from leading citizens who enrolled as equestrians equites. The equites were later placed in smaller groups of 30 that were commanded by decurions which means commander of ten.
There were 18 centuries of equites. Until the 4th century BC the massive Greek phalanx was the mode of battle.
Roman soldiers would have thus looked much like Greek hoplites. Tactics were no different from those of the early Greeks and battles were joined on flat terrain.
Spearmen would deploy themselves in tightly packed rows to form a shield wall with their spears pointing forwards. They charged the enemy supported by javelin throwers and slingers; the cavalry pursued the enemy, sometimes dismounting to support infantry in dire situations.
Ancient Rome topics. Outline Timeline. Foundation Kingdom overthrow Republic. Categories : Military units and formations of ancient Rome Roman legions Roman legionary fortresses.
Hidden categories: Articles with short description Short description is different from Wikidata. Namespaces Article Talk.
Views Read Edit View history. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version. Part of a series on the.
Campaign history Wars and battles. Strategy and tactics Infantry tactics. Hispania Tarraconensis. Was raised from marines of Classis Misenensis.
Disbanded for cowardice in Batavi revolt. Failed to engage Boudica Capitoline Wolf Rome's national emblem. Ras al-Ayn , Syria.
In BCE, Gaius Marius was elected consul and introduced the Marian reforms, broad sweeping changes to the military which transitioned it into the legions which helped dominate and maintain the Rome's domains.
The Roman army was organized into legions of 4, soldiers. Each legion was split into ten cohorts of soldiers. This added flexibility as all ten cohorts could be brought together to fight as one entity or be divided into smaller forces each capable of operating on its own.
On the other hand, it would take several hours for the cohorts to march from camp to their formation on the battlefield, due to the size and complexity of the legion.
To reduce the time it took, the cohorts would march in a specific order. The cohort located on the far right of the battle line would march first followed by the unit located to its left and so on.
Once the legion arrived at the battlefield, the first cohort would stop and march to the right until the entire Roman line was in position.
The Roman formation would unfold like a snake. For enemies who had never faced Rome would undoubtedly be intimidated by the sheer organized nature of the legion.